Ukrainian history & dramaturgical notes

Ukrainian Independence

Independence Square Protest

Майдан Незалежності (Maidan Nezalezhnosti) is Ukrainian for “Independence Square.” The main square in the city of Kiev has undergone many transformations since the 10th century. In 1919 it was named “Soviet Square” and then often called “October Revolution Square.” It received its current name in 1991 after Ukraine achieved independence from the Soviet Union and Russia, marking the first time in 700 years that Ukraine was established as a completely independent nation.
Independence Protest

The square is truly the center of the vibrant and historical city of Kiev. It has been the location for many protests, parades, rock concerts and speeches.

Independence Square Today

Independence Square Today

Additional Resources:




Defining Betrayal

English definition:

Betray (verb)

1. expose (one’s country, a group, or a person) to danger by treacherously giving information to an enemy

  • treacherously reveal (secrets or information)
  • be disloyal to

2. unintentionally reveal; be evidence of

Ukranian definition:

зрада (“zrada” Ukrainian betrayal) has the following meanings/nuances

  • treason (switching to enemy’s side)
  • breach of faithfulness in love or marriage
  • betrayal of one’s views or ideals

All three are commonly used.

Definition of “betray” obtained from the Oxford Dictionary, Oxford University Press, at http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/betray

Ukranian definition provided by Dr. Taras Koznarsky


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